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Retinitis Pigmentosa
Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a rare, hereditary disease that causes the rod photoreceptors in the retina to gradually degenerate. The rods are located in the periphery of the retina and are responsible for peripheral and night vision. Cones, another type of photoreceptor, are densely concentrated in the macula. The cones are responsible for central visual acuity and color vision.

The disease may be X-linked (passed from a mother to her son), autosomal recessive (genes required from both parents) or autosomal dominant (gene required from one parent) trait. Since it is often a sex-linked disease, retinitis pigmentosa affects males more than females.

People with RP usually first notice difficulty seeing in dim lighting and gradually lose peripheral vision. The course of RP varies. For some, the affect on vision may be mild. Others experience a progression of the disease that leads to blindness.

In many cases, RP is diagnosed during childhood when the symptoms begin to become apparent. However, depending on the progression of the disease, it may not be detected until later in life.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS
•Difficulty seeing dim lighting
•Tendency to trip easily or bump into objects when in poor lighting
•Gradual loss of peripheral vision
•Glare
•Loss of contrast sensitivity
•Eye fatigue (from straining to see)
DETECTION AND DIAGNOSIS
Retinitis pigmentosa is usually diagnosed before adulthood. It is often discovered when the patient complains of difficultly with night vision. The doctor diagnoses RP by examining the retina with an ophthalmoscope. The classic sign of RP is clumps of pigment in the peripheral retinal called "bone-spicules." A test called electroretinography (ERG) may also be ordered to study the eye's response to light stimuli. The test gives the doctor information about the function of the rods and cones in the retina.



TREATMENT
There is currently no standard treatment or therapy for retinitis pigmentosa; however, scientists have isolated several genes responsible for the disease. Once RP is discovered, patients and their families are encouraged to seek genetic counseling.

The McMann Eye Institute is a comprehensive ophthalmology practice
offering a full spectrum of vision correction and treatment services.

McMann Eye Institute of Honolulu, Hawaii


McMann Eye Institute of Honolulu, Hawaii    McMann Eye Institute of Honolulu, Hawaii  
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The McMann Eye Institute understands how important your vision is to your life. Whether restoring, preserving, or improving sight, our eye doctors are dedicated to optimizing your vision so you can live your best. With doctors that specialize in LASIK, cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic eye care, and cornea surgical treatments, we offer our patients an extensive range of eye care services on the island of O’ahu, Honolulu, Hawaii.

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McMann Eye Institute The Queen’s Medical Center
West O’ahu
91-2139 Ft. Weaver Rd. Suite 202
Ewa Beach, HI 96706
Phone: (808) 677-2733

McMann Eye Institute proudly serves Ewa Beach, HI and the Oahu areas of Honolulu, Waipahu, Aiea, Wahiawa, Kaneohe, Maunawili, Kahaluu, Kapolei, Iroquois Point and the remaining Hawaiian Islands and the Pacific Rim.

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Michael A. McMann, MD